1. Dieffenbachia
    Dieffenbachia prefer a minimum temperature of 5 °C (41 °F). They need light, but filtered sunlight through a window is usually sufficient. They also need moderately moist soil, which should be regularly fertilized. Leaves will periodically roll up and fall off to make way for new leaves. Dieffenbachia respond well to hot temperatures and dry climates.
  2. Chinese Evergreen 'Commutatum'
    Chinese Evergreen 'Commutatum'
    The Chinese evergreen is one of the best houseplants for the beginner. This plant is very tolerant of a range of light and water conditions. A native of Asia, Chinese evergreens have beautiful long green leaves. Different varieties are available with different variation of the leaves.
  3. Bamboo Palm
    Bamboo Palm
    There are many indoor palms to choose from, but most need bright indirect light in order to thrive. Bamboo palm is an exception to this rule and will grow in low light conditions, although they will grow taller under higher light conditions. Mature height varies from 4 to 12 feet with a span of 3 to 5 feet.
  4. Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree
    Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree
    The plant features very large, heavily veined and violin-shaped leaves that grow upright on a tall plant. equire bright, filtered light. They can even tolerate some full sun, especially if placed in an eastern-facing window. Plants that are kept too dark will fail to grow rapidly. Keep soil steadily moist, but don't allow it to sit in water or it will drop leaves and suffer from root rot.
  5. Umbrella Tree
    Umbrella Tree
    There are two very important parts to proper schefflera care. The first is correct sunlight and the second is proper watering. Schefflera plants are medium light plants, which means that they need bright but indirect light. A common complaint about these plants plants is that they get leggy and floppy. This problem is caused by too little light. Making sure that you are growing them in the right kind of light will help prevent leggy growth. On the other side, you do not want to place a them in direct, bright light, as this will burn the leaves. To water correctly, wait until the soil in the pot dries out and then thoroughly soak the soil when you water.
  6. Rubber Tree
    Rubber Tree
    A rubber tree is also known as a Ficus elastica. These large trees can grow up to 50 feet tall. A rubber tree houseplant needs bright light but prefers indirect light. Some people recommend putting it near a window that has sheer curtains. The rubber plant also needs the right balance of water. During the growing season, it needs to be kept moist. It is also a good idea to wipe off the leaves of your rubber tree houseplant with a damp cloth or spritz it with water. If you water the rubber tree plant too often, the leaves will turn yellow and fall off.
  7. Jade Plant
    Jade Plant
    This South African native is an easy to grow houseplant. Jades feature thick, round, green leaves on thick trunks. This plant is tolerant of a wide range of conditions, but as a succulent, it prefers to be dry. Usually Jade plants are killed by overwatering.
  8. Croton 'Petra'
    Croton 'Petra'
    Croton plants are tropicals, meaning that they thrive in warm and humid conditions. If your croton’s leaves fall off, it could be due to temperature changes, such as open doors or air ducts. A humidifier or a regular misting with water will also help your croton feel at home. Light – Croton leaf drop and a lack of fiery color can be caused by insufficient sunlight. There are more than 750 varieties of croton plant, some needing more light than others. In general, the more variegated the plant, the more light it craves. Water – The watering schedule for your other houseplants may not be suitable for your croton. Overwatering can damage the roots and cause croton leaf drop.
  9. Snake Plant
    Snake Plant
    Snake plants are probably the easiest of houseplants to take care of. These plants can be neglected for weeks at a time; yet, with their strappy leaves and architectural shape, they still look fresh. Additionally, they can survive low light levels, drought and have few insect problems. Snake plants are able to help keep the air inside your home clean, removing toxins such as formaldehyde and benzene. In short, they are the perfect houseplants.
  10. Slit Leaf Philodendron
    Slit Leaf Philodendron
    The split leaf philodendron is sometimes also known as the "Swiss Cheese plant". The Monstera deliciosa is the most well known member of the Monstera genus. It is a lovely large-leaved climbing plant that uses aerial roots as vertical supports. However, it has no suckers or adhering roots, like ivy, to pull itself up. In its native habitat, it has plenty of other flora to grow upon to help support it. As a houseplant, however, it needs the help of a pole to train it upward. Using a moss pole plant support helps enhance the tropical appearance and camouflage the woody stake. You will need a stout stake a little bit taller than the plant. Use wire snips and cut a piece of fine mesh wire just large enough to go around the stake. Staples work well to attach the hoop of wire mesh around the wooden stake. To finish this support for cheese plant, use soaked sphagnum moss. Fill in around the stake with the moss, by pushing it into the mesh.
  11. ZZ Plant
    ZZ Plant
    ZZ plants do best in bright to moderate, indirect light but will do fine in extremely low levels of light. This plant makes an ideal plant for a windowless office or bathroom where it will only receive small amounts of natural light. While ZZ plants can take direct light, you may see some scalding on the leaves if it is left in direct light. When you notice curling taking place, it typically means the plant is trying to move away from the light source. Move the plant to a shadier location or farther away from the light source. ZZ plants will do better if you leave them alone. Much like cacti, they prefer less, rather than more, water.
  12. Money Tree Plant
    Money Tree Plant
    The money tree (Pachira aquatica) is also known as Malabar chestnut or Saba nut. Money tree plants often have their slender trunks braided together and are a low maintenance option for artificially lit areas. Money tree plants are native from Mexico to northern South America. The trees can get up to 60 feet in their native habitats. In its native region, money tree plants produce fruit that are oval green pods which produce roasted nuts which taste a bit like chestnuts and can be used ground into flour. The plants get their name from Feng Shui practice which believes it will bring good luck to the owner of this attractive, interesting plant.
  13. Prayer Plant
    Prayer Plant
    The prayer plant is easy to grow but has specific growing requirements. Although prayer plants are somewhat tolerant of low light conditions, it does best in bright, indirect sunlight. The prayer plant prefers well-drained soil and requires high humidity to thrive. Prayer plant houseplants should be kept moist, but not soggy. Feed prayer plants every two weeks, from spring through fall, with an all-purpose fertilizer. Keep in mind that dry air can be a problem in winter; therefore, placing it among several houseplants can help create more humid and comfortable conditions
  14. Ponytail Palm
    Ponytail Palm
    A Palm-like plant. The greatly swollen trunk base and the recurving, narrow leaves are certain identification. With age, the trunk eventually develops a few branches. Ponytail can get up to 30' tall, and the base up to 12' across, but houseplants generally remain less than 6 or 8' tall. The plant looks a little like a palm, and a little like a big onion sitting on the ground with a single stalk growing up and sporting a parasol of drooping, strap-like leaves. Ponytail makes a large and handsome houseplant, doing well even in rooms with air conditioning as long as it has bright light. It's a good specimen plant for a rock garden in a warm, dry climate.
  15. Pothos 'Marble Queen'
    Pothos 'Marble Queen'
    Pothos is probably one of the most common, and easily cared for house plants. A native of Southeast Asia, Pothos is a vine with heart-shaped green leaves featuring different color variations of white and yellow (depending on the variety). Pothos is very tolerant of a wide range of light and watering conditions, making it a good plant for beginners. This vine can grow very long, and makes an attractive hanging plant, and is also a good plant to train to vine around a support.
  16. Zebra Plant
    Zebra Plant (Aphelandra squarrosa 'Louisae')
    Aphelandras should be grown in bright, indirect light but never in full sun. Zebra Plants require lots of moisture, and should never be allowed to dry out. Zebras resent any changes to their environment and will quickly drop their lower leaves if they are exposed to drafts, moved or repotted, or if the temperature or humidity level changes suddenly.

Exotic Foliage Plants

These are some of my favourite ones:

Musa acuminata subsp. zebrina (Blood Banana)

– A dwarf subspecies with green leaves that are irregularly streaked or blotched in burgundy-red. It is best grown as a container specimen or houseplant since it cannot be overwintered outdoors. It eventually forms a multi-stemmed grove. Produces small edible bananas. Grows 6-8′ high. Hardy to zone 9.

Farfugium japonicum ‘Aureomaculata’ (Leopard Plant)

– A tender evergreen perennial with thick dark green leaves and prominent gold spotting. It is primarily grown as a foliage plant for partial shade exposures but does produce stalks of yellow daisies in autumn. Requires regular watering to thrive. Grows 12-24″ high by 18-24′ wide. Zone 7.

Strobilanthes dyerianus (Persian Shield)

– A soft-stemmed shrub where hardy, but it is primarily grown as an annual foliage plant. This native of Myanmar (Burma) features 6″ long deep green leaves with a violet-purple overlay and a distinct silver to pewter sheen. The best foliage colour is produced in part shade exposures. Grows 12-36″ high and wide. Zone 10.

Colocasia esculenta ‘Mojito’ (Taro Plant)

– A beautifully variegated Taro with huge arrow-shaped leaves, each marbled or blotched with chartreuse, green and deep purple. This sport of ‘Black Marble’ also has attractive pink stems that are mottled. Grows well in containers (with ample irrigation) or as a shallow water marginal plant. Grows 4-6′ tall by 4′ wide where hardy. Zone 8.

Caladium x hortulanum (Bicolour Caladium)

– These popular houseplants are grown from tender tubers which cannot be overwintered outdoors but they make fine bedding plants in open or partial shade. The arrowhead shaped leaves come in green, white, rose, pink purple and red. Grows 18-30″ high and wide. Hardy to zone 9.